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If strategies are insufficient or behavior is severe arthritis questions to ask your doctor generic 20mg piroxicam mastercard, or places child or others at risk of harm, consider augmentation with medications. Strategies to address this common problem include: Screening for bullying, especially when there is any acute change in mood, behavior, sleep, or somatic symptoms, or any change in social or academic functioning. Engage parents, school and other care providers about the bullying: Parents and school staff should review the use of non-physical and non-shaming behavior management techniques, and set clear expectations for empathic behaviors. Children can be taught by counselors and teachers to use problem solving, emotion regulation, and anger management coping skills and how to make plans for alternative actions. Parents can encourage participation in pro-social activities to build peer networks, enhance social skills, and gain confidence. Create a plan: With a bullying victim, immediate action steps to recommend include: Walking away and telling a trusted adult who can be accessed quickly. For a bullying bystander, action steps to recommend include: Asking adults to help during or even after the event. There should not be any "screens" (phone, tablets, video console, televisions, computers) in the bedroom. Even if caffeine does not prevent falling asleep, it can still lead to shallow sleep or frequent awakenings. Children with this problem can try having a "worry time" scheduled earlier when they are encouraged to discuss their worries with a parent and then put them aside. Letting a child fall asleep in other places or with a parent present in the room forms habits that are difficult to break. Try to include a doll, toy or blanket when you cuddle or comfort your child, which may help them adopt the object. If sleep still will not come, the teen should spend more time relaxing out of bed before lying down again. A teen may find it helpful to have a "worry time" scheduled when he or she is encouraged to journal about worries or discuss them with a parent or other support, and then put them aside. Falling asleep on the couch or in non-bed locations may form sleep associations or habits that are difficult to break. The bedtime should then be gradually advanced earlier until the desired bed time is reached. Inquire about all restrictive and purging habits (including exercise, laxative, vomiting, caffeine/nicotine or other substance abuse). Family based approach best supported if <16 years old or illness < 3 year Group therapy with anorexic children is not recommended. This screening measure is not designed to make a diagnosis of an eating disorder or take the place of a professional consultation. Please fill out the below form as accurately, honestly and completely as possible. Always Usually Never Once a month or less Yes Often 2-3 times a month Sometimes Rarely Once a week Never Part C: Behavioral Questions. Ever used laxatives, diet pills or diuretics (water pills) to control your weight or shape? Lost 20 pounds or more in the past 6 months 2-6 Once a times day or a week more No Defined as eating much more than most people would under the same circumstances and feeling that eating is out of control. Scores greater than 20 indicate a need for further investigation by a qualified professional. Low scores (below 20) can still be consistent with serious eating problems, as denial of symptoms can be a problem with eating disorders. Positive responses to the eating disorder behavior questions (questions A through E) may indicate a need for referral in their own right. Think about comorbidity: 2/3 of teens with a substance use disorder have comorbid psychiatric difficulties. Depression, anxiety, and conduct disorder can be associated with substance use disorders. For example, start with "What are the positive and negative effects of marijuana in your life? Recommend individual therapy to build skills toward self-efficacy, problem solving, and relapse prevention. Refer to a substance use program while offering on-going support and monitoring through the medical home.

Later arthritis pain on left side order piroxicam 20mg visa, due to complications with his health and medication, my colleague exhibited behavior at work that made others uncomfortable. He sought medical support and gave me permission to share his diagnosis with our colleagues, hoping that they would be understanding. I told our Board of Directors that I was deeply offended by these remarks and that the staff needed training in sensitivity around mental health issues. Although this experience tarnished our feelings for the company and its employees, the silver lining is that we are happily planning to spend the rest of our lives together. So there was a reason why he came into my life and ended up going through such a dark time at our place of employment - he had to meet me. Pescosolido says well-established civic groups -groups normally not involved with mental health issues - could be very effective in making people aware of the need for inclusion and the importance of increasing the dignity and rights of citizenship for persons with mental illnesses. In a recent survey by the American Psychiatric Association, 79% percent of those surveyed believed that seeking and receiving support from family and friends reduced feelings of stigma. Your story can convey to others that having a mental disorder is nothing to be embarrassed about. The media also offers our best hope for eradicating stigma because of its power to educate and influence public opinion, so remember to thank journalists when they get it right. Interacting and connecting with others is a vital part of our wellbeing, and neglecting our relationships can in turn be detrimental to our mental health. Those who are already inclined to emotional reactivity and behavioral complications Building and have a heightened sensitivity to relational distress and maintaining supportive are more vulnerable to negative situations. It is important to be attuned to the health of our relationships is a relationships with family, spouses, and friends, in critical part to our order to improve our mental health and maintain overall well stability. The Importance of Supportive Relationships Building and maintaining supportive relationships is a critical part to our overall wellbeing. Connecting and relating to others brings a sense of purpose, meaning, and belonging. With bipolar disorder, it is not unusual for one to isolate and withdraw when depressed. As such, it is vital to work to maintain our relationships throughout our ups and downs to prevent complete detachment in our most critical times of need. When we have strong and healthy relationships with friends, family members, and significant others, we are given an opportunity to learn and grow in a supportive companionship. These relations allow us an outlet to share our fears and aspirations, to enjoy positive and uplifting activities, and to be comforted and consoled when we are struggling. A healthy relationship allows us the opportunity to call on someone for support and assistance when we need it most. The love and support fostered through healthy relationships can in itself be a tool for recovery from mental health symptoms. Engaging in recreational activities or social conversation with others can contribute positive emotions and fend off negative ones. Positive relationships bring us enjoyment in life, and life satisfaction can help ease symptoms of mental health disorders, including bipolar disorder. Improving the Bonds Within Your Family When we are struggling with our mental health, our relationships often suffer. The ones we are closest to , such as spouses, children, parents, and siblings, are pushed away. Instead, reaching out and connecting with those nearest to us will help fight the stress and strengthen our bonds. Supporting our loved ones when they are struggling and allowing them to be there for us will improve the bonds within the entire family. The best time to practice these skills is not while in the midst of a manic or depressive episode. Rather, it is important that you take steps to strengthen your bond before a stressor hits. Maintaining a connection during stable times will help you be strong and prepared for the harder times to come. If you have already injured the bond between you and a family member, you must make the conscious decision whether or not to repair it. It will require you to make a choice as to which behaviors you will no longer engage in to prevent another injury upon the relationship.

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Comparisons and outcomes for which there was insufficient SoE to draw a conclusion arthritis pain vs fibromyalgia 20mg piroxicam visa. For schizophrenia or related psychoses, seven studies provided data on core illness symptoms for chlorpromazine versus clozapine. No differences were found for positive or negative symptoms or general psychopathology. No differences were found for positive symptoms or general psychopathology, global ratings, or total symptom score. The SoE was low for positive outcomes, global ratings, and total scores; the SoE was insufficient for general psychopathology. Eight studies provided data on core illness symptoms for haloperidol versus clozapine. No significant differences were found for positive symptoms, negative symptoms, or general psychopathology (low SoE). Twenty-seven studies provided data on core illness symptoms for haloperidol versus olanzapine. No significant differences were found for positive or negative symptoms, or general psychopathology. Thirty-one studies provided data on core illness symptoms for haloperidol versus risperidone. No differences were found for any of the six measures used to assess general psychopathology (low to insufficient SoE). There were no significant differences in terms of negative symptoms, general psychopathology, global ratings, or total score (low to insufficient SoE). No significant differences were found for mood (mania), mood (depression), positive or negative symptoms, or global ratings and total scores (low to insufficient SoE). Two studies compared haloperidol versus olanzapine and found no significant differences in sleep, mood (mania), mood (depression), or global ratings and total scores (low or insufficient SoE). Two studies compared haloperidol with aripiprazole and found no differences in mood (mania), mood (depression), positive or negative symptoms, or global ratings and total scores (low or insufficient SoE). Single studies compared chlorpromazine versus clozapine and haloperidol versus quetiapine and ziprasidone (insufficient SoE). Results for functional outcomes were available from nine head-to-head comparisons in studies of patients with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-related psychoses. No significant differences in functional outcomes were observed between groups for any of the comparisons. Results for health care system utilization were available for 10 head-to-head comparisons, and no differences were found for any comparison. Only one trial comparing haloperidol with olanzapine provided data on functional outcomes in patients with bipolar disorder. Significant differences were found favoring olanzapine in terms of the number of individuals actively working for pay. Health care No significant difference in rates of hospitalization or system use Haloperidol vs. Two trials each provided data on mortality for chlorpromazine versus clozapine and haloperidol versus aripiprazole; no significant differences were found, although the length of followup of the trials for the latter comparison was only 24 hours. Few significant differences were found across the comparisons and outcomes examined. Significant differences were found favoring aripiprazole over haloperidol for caregiver satisfaction (one trial) and patient satisfaction (one trial). Olanzapine was favored over perphenazine for time to all-cause medication discontinuation (one trial). Health-related quality of life was evaluated for the following comparisons, and no significant differences were found: haloperidol versus olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone (one trial each); perphenazine versus aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone (one trial each). Bipolar Disorder Significant difference in favor of haloperidol for relapse rates (1 Haloperidol vs. Among the studies of patients with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-related psychoses, data were most often available for race and treatment resistance. No notable differences were observed for the subgroups compared with the overall findings.

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Seeman testified that it was the consensus of those working in the field of antipsychotic drugs as of May 1997 was that the D2 receptor occupancy of quetiapine needed to be raised to achieve efficacy arthritis dogs laser therapy buy 20 mg piroxicam with mastercard. Seeman, sustained-release quetiapine would have been expected to smooth out peaks in the blood concentration of the drug, which would have been counterproductive because having a high peak level of drug was necessary for therapeutic results. Reist, confirmed that, if the goal was to obtain a higher peak concentration of quetiapine, one would prefer an immediate release version over a sustained release version. Nyberg confirmed that there is a higher peak occupancy of the D2 receptor with immediate release quetiapine than with sustained release quetiapine. Montgomery testified, as of May 1997, for this reason a physician treating psychotic patients and researchers who studied antipsychotic drugs would have considered the development of an oral, sustained-release form of quetiapine to be counterproductive. The Court notes that in reaching its conclusions herein, it has given substantial weight to the testimony of Dr. The Court found him to be entirely credible based on the manner in which he testified and the depth of his expertise and experience. Seeman is an expert in this area and knows much more than he about the effects of antipsychotic drugs on the dopamine receptors. Reist held no views regarding the dosing of quetiapine based on known information about its receptor occupancy while Dr. Seeman was actively recommending to AstraZeneca and others that the dosing should be modified to increase that occupancy. Seeman explained that clozapine had been shown prior to May 1997 not to be an exception and that it in fact did achieve approximately 60% occupancy very quickly. A 1999 article confirmed that at least a dozen antipsychotics had therapeutic action when they occupy 60-80% of the D2 receptors, including clozapine and quetiapine if measured at the appropriate time point. Seeman later demonstrated that quetiapine had transient D2 occupancy of about 60%. Finally, a 2000 paper confirmed that antipsychotics in general (and quetiapine specifically) are efficacious when dosed so as to produce transiently high D2 receptor occupancies: There can be little doubt that one needs repeated dosing of oral antipsychotics, but one should not assume that one needs sustained. Clinical Literature Clinical literature at the time also supports the conclusion that as of May 1997, a sustained release formulation of quetiapine would have been contraindicated. The pre-May 1997 literature that describes clinical trials of quetiapine in schizophrenia includes a 1995 Fabre paper, a 1995 Wetzel paper, a 1996 Borison paper, a 1996 Casey paper and a 1996 Hirsch paper. Montgomery testified about each of the pre-May 1997 quetiapine clinical trial literature references. The 1995 Fabre paper described a placebo-controlled, "exploratory" trial of quetiapine in twelve moderately-ill hospitalized schizophrenia patients. The initial quetiapine daily dose of 25 mg/day was increased in increments of 25-50 mg about every four days until all 8 patients in the treatment group reached a final daily dose of 250 mg. The 1995 Wetzel paper described an open label trial of quetiapine in 12 moderately ill schizophrenic patients. An open label trial, where both the physician and the patient know what drug is administered, provides useful information about how dosing should be modified. Seven of the 12 patients received a maximum dose of 750 mg per day; all patients received at least 600 mg per day; the average dose was 696 mg per day. Clinically satisfactory improvement was obtained in only 4 of the 12 patients, which the authors characterized as "rather moderate. Despite doses of 600-750 mg per day, the authors concluded that the trial demonstrated only that quetiapine "could be" an effective antipsychotic but that studies with higher doses "with presumably better efficacy" were needed. The 1996 Borison paper described the results of two other placebo-controlled quetiapine trials (Studies 6 and 8). In Study 6, quetiapine was administered over 6 weeks to 54 patients; 55 patients received placebo. At endpoint (on treatment day 42), the overall improvement in the treated patients was only "marginally significant. The 1996 Casey paper and the 1996 Hirsch paper reviewed the results of a number of quetiapine clinical trials, including Phase 2 Studies 5, 7 and 8, and Phase 3 trials 12 and 13. Study 8 compared both a "high" quetiapine dose (up to 750 mg/day with a mean daily dose of 360 mg) and a "low" quetiapine dose (up to 250 mg/day, with a mean daily dose of 209 mg) to placebo. The low dose did not work-it was indistinguishable from placebo at the end of the trial.

Obstacles to accurately identifying treatment nonresponse Nonadherence with antipsychotic treatment is common arthritis supplies cheap piroxicam 20 mg with visa, and is associated with relapse and rehospitalization [16]. Nonadherence has been estimated to occur in approximately half of patients being treated for schizophrenia [17]. Factors related to poor adherence include lack of insight, tolerability issues, access to treatment, substance use, cognitive deficits, negative symptoms, poor therapeutic alliance and inadequate external supports [17, 18]. The lack of insight is very common among patients with schizophrenia with approximately 50% of patients at least partially lacking insight into their illness [19]. Furthermore, it has been estimated that approximately half of all individuals with schizophrenia also abuse alcohol and illegal drugs [20]. It is thus not surprising that treatment refractoriness can be inappropriately used to label a patient who is actually nonadherent and perhaps using illicit substances. This misidentification can be especially common when the patient with schizophrenia is covertly noncompliant. Use of an inadequate dose of an antipsychotic can lead to the premature declaration that the patient does not respond to that medication. This can occur when information regarding the optimal dose is unknown or not well promulgated. Dosing ranges established during registration studies may not reflect the needs of day-to-day clinical practice [21], hence it is not unexpected that some patients may be categorized as treatment refractory when in fact they have not received an adequate antipsychotic dose for an adequate period of time. Patient perspectives & preferences As noted, patients with schizophrenia can have limited insight into their psychotic symptoms. However, patients can retain insight in other ancillary symptoms, such as impaired sleep, anxiety and dysphoria. From a patient perspective, a medication that has reduced the intensity and frequency of auditory hallucinations and delusions, but that has not alleviated poor sleep, anxiety or dysphoria will be considered by the patient as unhelpful to them. This can lead to nonadherence, eventual worsening of the psychotic symptoms and the mistaken belief on the part of the clinician that the patient is refractory to treatment. Monotherapies review Assuming that a medication is dosed correctly and given over an adequate period of time and that a reasonable degree of adherence can be established, are there any differences among the antipsychotic monotherapies in terms of efficacy? Although the bulk of the studies are for adult patients with schizophrenia, there are studies that have examined childhood-onset treatment-refractory schizophrenia as well [28, 51, 53]. For the most part, clozapine has consistently demonstrated superiority over comparators. Because not all patients with schizophrenia can tolerate clozapine or are willing to have their blood monitored as required, other second-generation antipsychotics have been suggested as possible substitutes for clozapine [5, 33­58]. Olanzapine is one such second-generation antipsychotic that has established superior efficacy to first-generation antipsychotics [22­24] and perhaps comparable to clozapine in some studies [5, 25, 46, 49, 52]. Although risperidone also appears to be comparable to clozapine in some studies [34, 39], superiority of clozapine was evident in others [25, 38, 40], and thus the evidence is more consistently in favor of olanzapine in treatment-refractory schizophrenia rather than using risperidone in this population. Although favorable results were also observed for ziprasidone in a randomized clinical trial versus clozapine, patients enrolled were not necessarily treatment refractory per se and may have been intolerant to prior treatments [56]. This also complicates the interpretation of one of the studies comparing olanzapine and clozapine [49] and one comparing risperidone with clozapine [34]. Limitations to the aforementioned studies include the restrictive inclusion/exclusion criteria of the individual clinical trials that do not necessarily make it easy to generalize the results to the treatment-refractory patients treated in day-to-day clinical practice. This heterogeneity in treatment response is the principal justification for having a variety of antipsychotic medications in a drug formulary [59]. Antipsychotic combinations Combinations of antipsychotics are commonly used, particularly among patients with schizophrenia who are served in public health systems and who have been ill for several years [60], with doses that do not differ substantially from those given as monotherapies [61]. Table 2 & Supplementary Table 2 outline several randomized controlled trials of antipsychotic combinations [62­81], most testing combinations that include clozapine [62­76]. There are relatively few studies that actually support the use of antipsychotic combination treatment [63, 64, 72, 75, 81], and for the most commonly studied combinations, such as clozapine and risperidone, several negative or equivocal studies have also been published [65­69]. As noted in a Cochrane systematic review [82], problems with small sample size, heterogeneity of comparisons, flaws in the design, conduct and ana lysis make it difficult to determine which antipsychotic is the best choice to add to clozapine. In their plain language narrative the authors noted that "When people on clozapine plus risperidone were compared with those on clozapine plus sulpiride, more people taking risperidone showed an improvement generally. However, when specific symptoms of schizophrenia were studied, there was change for the better in all groups but no second antipsychotic was significantly better than the one it was compared with. When looking at adverse effects, people taking sulpiride were slightly more likely to suffer from hypersalivation and weight gain than those taking risperidone.

Additional information:

About the Security Industries Authority Staff

The Security Industies Authority is headed by a Registrar as the CEO and has thirteen (13) other staff members from all four (4) regions of the country working under him. These includes the Manager Finance and Administration, Manager Licensing and Compliance and four (4) Regional inspectors(MOMASE, Islands, Highland and Southern).

The Inspectors job are very challenging because they are at the front line of enforcement to ensure that private security companies are compliant with the provisions of the Security Protection Act to operate a security company. Most of them are former officers of the Royal PNG Constabulary. Apart from them we also have a efficient staff made up of the Executive Secretary, Accounts Officer, HR Officer , I.T Officer & an Office Janitor in Head Office Port Moresby while Admin Assistance/ Driver and an Office Admin/ Reception in Lae Momase & Highlands Region branch office.

Staff Profiles


Mr. Paul Kingston Isari

Registrar & CEO of PNG Security Industries Authority


Mr. Philip Gene, BAC, CPA PNG

Manager Finance & Administration


Mr. Spencer Gelo

Manager Licencing & Compliance

POM Office Staff

Front left – right Ms Margaret Biskum- Security Inspector New Guinea Islands, Ms Alicia Nana – Executive Secretary & Mrs Mackey Kembi Office Janitor

Back left – right Mr. Rinson Ngale – Security Inspector NCD/Southern Region, Mr. Emmanuel Tumbe HR Officer, Mr. Elijah Fave – Accounts Officer, Mr. Andrew Kaiap – I.T Officer


Lae Office Staff

Front left – right Ms Nelison Roberts – Office Secretary / Reception , Mr. Elvis Otare – Office Admin Assistance / Driver & Acting Momase Region Inspector

Back left – right Vacant – Office Manager & Security Inspector Momase Region, Mr. Pius Moi – Acting Office Manager Security Inspector Highlands Region

Security Industries Authority organizational chart


Vacancies for Council Representatives from the Security
Industry to sit in the Council

The Security Industries Authority currently does not have any vacant Council Representative position. There in total six (6) nominated representative from Security Industries in the council.(see SIA Council)

Qualified candidates will be made known here if there is a vacant in Council Representative positions.

Security Industries Authority Position Vacancies

SIA Currently has no vacancy positions available. Public will be notified for any positions available in the future.

Criteria for appointment to the Security Industries Council

  1. The candidates must have a sound knowledge in the operations of private security companies and are quite versed with the Security Protection Act 2004.
  2. The candidates shall not be currently employed in any licensed security companies that are currently registered with the Security Industries Authority or were not previously employed by any licensed security companies.
  3. The candidates shall not be a current owner or a shareholder of a licensed security company currently registered with the Security Industries Authority and the IPA (Investment promotion Authority).
  4. The candidates shall not be a previous owner or a shareholder of a licensed security company registered with the Security Industries Authority or with the IPA. (Investment promotion Authority).
  5. Interested persons may submit their application with a CV with three (3) references named and attached with their latest passport size photos.
  6. Both male and females are encouraged to participate.
  7. Only registered security companies and permitted security guards will participate in the nominations.
  8. All candidates shall be subjected to a fit and proper persons test before they are formally appointed for 3 years term by the Minister for Police & Internal Security.

For enquiries on this matter

Visit us at the Top floor of the Former Fraud Squad blue building, Gorobe Street, Badili, 2 Mile, Port Moresby NCD or Lae at Post Office Building, second street, top floor, suite # 14, Lae Morobe Province or write to the Chairman Security Industries Council PO BOX 80 Port Moresby National capital District. You can also contact Manager Licensing & Compliance – Mr. Spencer Gelo on telephone 3239851 / 3257930, or email executivesecretary@sia.gov.pg

Invitation to the Stake Holders and the Industry to make a submission on the amendments to current security Protection Act

The Registrar now invites all the registered security companies, service receivers and interested stake holders for their written submission to amend the current Security Protection Act to cover many grey areas of the law.

The submissions should clearly state what provisions of the current Security Protection Act 2004 and the Security Protection regulation 2012 are to be amended to enhance the growth of the industry. This is necessary in light of numerous complaints from the security companies and interested stake holders of the short falls in the current Act which is said to be hindering the growth of the industry.

All submissions must be dropped at The Authority Head Office: Former Fraud Squad Office, Top Floor, Gorobe Street, 2 Mile Drive, Badili,Boroko NCD in Port Moresby. They can also be posted or emailed using the address on the last page. Copies of the current Security Protection Act 2004 can be obtained at the Security Industries Authority office for K35 to use as a guide to prepare the submissions.

Appointment to the Board of Complaints

The Security Industries Authority in compliance with section 57 of the Security Protection Act 2004 has already advertised in the media in early February 2013 seeking for two (2) interested persons to sit on the Board of Complaints.

The purposes of the Board of Complaints is to hear allegations made against licensed security companies by the general public and to award appropriate disciplinary penalties to protect the integrity of the security industry. Several applications have already been received and the short listed candidates will be advised in writing by the chairman shortly before a final selection is made for their three (3) yeas appointments by the Minister for Police and Internal Security.